Montezuma Castle Information

Montezuma Castle
Montezuma Castle is a well preserved five-level, 13th century recessed cliff dwelling, about 100 feet above Beaver Creek in the Verde Valley. Settlers who came later, found the dwellings abandoned, but were so impressed by the structure that they mistakenly believed it to be the palace of Aztec leader, Montezuma. The first permanent settlers moved into the valley between 700-900 AD. They were undeniably very skilled farmers - growing corn, squash, beans and cotton utilising a number of differing methods including sophisticated irrigation canals. Although evidence finds hunters and gatherers living in the valley for thousands of years, the advances in agriculture and architecture as found at Montezuma Castle suggests the influence of two neighbouring cultures - the Hohokam (Pima for "those who have gone") whose culture extended from southern to central Arizona, and the Northern Sinagua (Spanish for "without water"), centring around present-day Flagstaff in northern Arizona (some 50 miles away).

Above ground masonry dwellings such as these are attributed to the Northern Sinagua who migrated into the valley around 1125 AD. Montezuma Castle and the neighbouring Tuzigoot villages reached their maximum size in the 1300s, and continued to be occupied for another 100 years. Montezuma Castle, constructed from locally available materials and albeit in a position that is protected from the elements, was so well built that it's stood for over 600 years and is one of the best-preserved prehistoric structures in the Southwest. In 1906 President Theodore Roosevelt celebrated the passing of the Antiquities Act by declaring four sites of historical and cultural significance as America's first National Monuments - Montezuma Castle was one of the four chosen. View images of Montezuma Castle and Well by Jacquie Lumb and Richard Lumb here. Read about Montezuma Well by Jacquie Lumb here Flora. wildlife, trees,

National Parks: Grand Canyon, Grand Canyon Info, Grand Canyon Map, Walnut Canyon, Walnut Canyon Info, Sunset Crater and Wutapki Monument, Sunset Crater Info, Wupatki Monument Info, Montezuma Castle and Well, Petrified Forest, Petrified Forest Info, Painted Desert Info.

Attractions: Apache Trail, Apache Trail Info, Apache Trail Map, Phoenix Desert Botanical Garden, Desert Botanical Garden Info, Meteor Crater, Meteor Crater Info, Monument Valley Tribal Park, Monument Valley Info, Oak Creek Canyon, Oak Creek Info, Slide Rocks State Park, Slide Rocks Info, Taliesin West, Taliesin West, Arboretum at Flagstaff, Arboretum at Flagstaff Info. and Towns and Cities: Flagstaff and envrions, Flagstaff Info, Prescott, Prescott Info, Route 66 Info.

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